- State of Heedlessness (Nafs al-Ammar): A soul that clings to materialistic low base desires. This is the stage where we are completely void of inner reflection.
- State of Awareness (Nafs al-Lawwamah): A soul in the state of constant struggle against its material self, and
- State of Contentment (Nafs al-Mutma’innah): A soul that reaches a state of peace due to constant God-consciousness.
Excessiveness within the Cognitive system creates management systems that are driven by deception, where roles, responsibilities, and information are misrepresented. The revolving door recruitment polices between the enforcement arms of government and regulated entities on Wall Street are prime examples of this imbalance. Deficiency within the Cognitive system creates management systems that are driven by foolishness, where common sense is abandoned in the everyday decision making processes.